The luge is a winter Olympic sport that represents a form of sledding. It is a sport that consists of competing in speed on a special sled that is braked with the feet and is occupied by one or two people who are lying on their backs; the participant who records a shorter time in the sum of the two series of which the events consist wins.
It can reach speeds of up to 140 kilometers per hour and is also the most risky of them all.  

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There are five competitive modalities in the Olympic Games: individual male and female, male and female couples, and team relay. In the latter, each team will be made up of a man, a woman and a couple. There will be four rounds in the individual events and two in the pair events. Technically, the pairs are a mixed event although in practice two men almost always compete.


As befits a sled, the participant is lying on his back. He or she then lies down on the sled to adopt as aerodynamic a posture as possible and steers the vehicle by applying pressure, as well as tilting with the weight of the body. In this competition the times are taken to the thousandth of a second. In the individual competition there are four sleeves and in the pair competition, two. In the relays each participant takes the start when the previous member of his team arrives. 


It was born from the evolution of the sledge at the end of the 19th century, although as it was less modified than the bobsleigh and the skeleton, its development was earlier, with competitions already being held at the end of the 19th century. Although its expansion was conditioned, however, to the few places where there were circuits where it could be practiced - about twenty at present - it was burning stages: in 1955 the first World Championships took place, with male and female competition since the first edition, and in 1964 it was included in the program of the Olympic Games.